For instance, Prime minister Noori Al-Maliki is regarded more and more by both opposition and the international community as a authoritarian ruler. He and his party Hizb al-Dawa who is in coalition with the Justice and Law list currently have 89 seats in Iraqi Parliament. But the way he rules has been seen before in Iraq all to many times.
The fact that he ignored article 140 in the Iraqi constitution, giving the people of the disputed areas of Kirkuk, Tuz Khurmatu and Khanaqin to vote either to be ruled by the Iraqi Central Government or the Kurdistan autonomy (Kurdistan Regional Government, KRG) is one of the flammable discussions as PM Maliki shows now sign of letting Kirkuk and other disputed areas vote according to article 140.
Furthermore, since the US withdrawal in december, 2010. PM Maliki have been accusing vice PM Tariq al-Hashimi, a sunni major politician for terrorism and has been sentenced to death in Hashimis absence.
Last month, PM Maliki has ordered killings of four bodyguards of the sunni Finance Minister and further increasing the sectarian heat.
Since PM Malikis succession to power back in 2006, Iraq has been turning into a Shiastate that has good relations with the US and west (for the oil export of course but there is a underlying political motive to be a strategic ally to Islamic Republic of Iran.
With a annual income of more than $ 100 billion and 17 % of that income goes to the KRG, The KRG has managed to build a society with better infrastructure, better investing climate and thus creating a demand for jobs. Far more better than the rest of Iraq who doesn’t have power electricity for more than 4 hours a day and poor infrastructure, thus creating hatred and and disbelief towards the society. Especially when you have prominent ministers who are corrupted and are placing the Iraqi finance in their pockets instead of the Society. The gateway for a angry sunni Iraqi male to Al-Qaida is therefore not far to long when you have an incompetent regime such as the Iraqi one.
But there is a solution. By turning Iraq to a federal state (comparing with the US) and building institutions who are regulated by law, not egoistic and exploited people, The Iraqi deomcracy can get back on track.
But wait, is Iraq not a Federal state already? While it is true that in whole of Iraq constitutes of a central state and a regional state as the KRG, it not a Federal state.
Example. If people of Falluja for example want to build a new School, they must firstly turn into the Falluja municipally institution of education who regulates the education in Falluja. The municipally then turns to Baghdad central institution of education and request funds to build a school. The central institution then makes a plan not only building a new school in Falluja, but whole of Iraq. While building new schools in the whole nation is regarded as commonly good, but if Falluja is in a alarming rate and in great need of a school, it cannot wait for years just for the bureaucracy process. Instead of having a strong central government, having a strong decentralized central government with strong states is a recipe for building a democratic Iraq that will not crumble into 3 states; A Kurdish, a Sunni and a Shia one.
To make it possible, the Iraqi constitution needs to be changed and ratified by both the people and the government. Right now, almost every list and party’s exept Malikis Justice and Law list are demanding a Federal Iraq. While I hope that PM Malikis days are numbered, he seems to have a firm grip on power.
The Iraqi election next year in 2014, the outcome of the elections will be a fateful one.